Somatotyping – What Body Type Are You?
By Dr. Scott Weiss PT DPT LAT CSCS
Success as an athlete comes from a combination of factors. One major factor of our athletic ability is our genetically based body type or the body build that we are born with. The three components of one's body build are type, size (mass) and body composition. A system, developed by W.H. Sheldon in the 1940's, uses the terms ectomorph, endomorph, or mesomorph to describe the three types of bodies and individual can possess. Body type can also be referenced as a person's frame or Somatotype. By knowing an athletes or patients body type one can provide insight into what sports they may excel at or what diet and exercise regimen may be best for them. A quick method used in the field by many physicians, athletic trainers, physical therapists and exercise physiologists to find out what body type an athlete or patient has is called the "Wrist Grab Method". Try this method on yourself and follow these simple instructions. Try to wrap your thumb and middle finger of one hand around the wrist of your other hand. If you middle finger and thumb barely touch then you are most likely a Mesomorph. If you thumb and middle finger barely reaches then you can consider yourself and Endomorph. Furthermore, if your middle finger comes together easily or even over-lap slightly, you can consider yourself an Ectomorph. In essence, we are all a compilation of each body type and most people are a combination of two but this is coming from an EctoMeso.